1972-1978: Independence

Growing Pains: The North Campus


Even before George Mason College’s split from the University of Virginia it was looking to expand its horizons.  Enrollment, which had been increasing steadily, was growing at a much faster rate than the college’s budget or construction plans.  Alhough there were plans for new buildings in the future, student body and program growth outpaced that of the physical plant. The need for more space caused the college to look into purchasing a “surging space,” an area where programs and classes could temporarily meet until construction at the permanent site on the main campus was completed.[1]

George Mason’s 1968 Master Plan allowed for the creation of six schools and colleges within the larger college, each with an enrollment of 2500 students.  Spurred by continuing growth, the Business Administration and Education Departments combined to form College II, the College of Professional Studies, under Dean Clayton Schindler.[2]  Its long-term goals included: establishing programs in nursing, paramedicine, criminology and police sciences, journalism, advertising, graphic and the communicative arts, as well as working closely with the surrounding community to provide internship opportunities.  The plan also anticipated cooperating with Northern Virginia Community College, a factor which would change some admissions and graduation requirements, although “[the new college would] remain largely within the physical plant of George Mason College and [would] even share much of the existing faculty, but [would] split mostly in terms of administration.”[3]

The approved 1972-1974 budget allotted $3,368,565 for the construction of a permanent building (IIA, now Robinson Hall A) for the College of Professional Studies, but construction was not scheduled to be completed until 1974, so Mason administrators decided that College II would occupy the temporary “surging space.”[4]

Negotiations between the City of Fairfax and the George Mason Foundation,[5] took place in early January 1972 regarding the former Fairfax High School building.[6]  The thirty-five-year-old school building, which sat on sixteen acres on Route 50, had been replaced by a new high school two miles to the west, but the city wished to put the old building to some use and wanted it to remain as an educational building.[7]  In a shrewd example of deal-making, the George Mason Foundation purchased the building in January 1972 for the appraised price of $1.8 million and rented it to George Mason College. The Virginia General Assembly appropriated the necessary funding for the rental of the building.[8] 

Although renovations would be necessary, the former Fairfax High School, renamed the North Campus, would add an additional 80,000 square feet of classroom space for George Mason.[9]  This created a “surging place” for the College of Professional Studies, which opened on July 1, 1972.  Other features—an auditorium that seated three times as many people as the main campus’ Lecture Hall, a small gymnasium, a football field, and a baseball diamond—provided George Mason with “badly needed space to accommodate its projected increased enrollment and expanding academic programs.”[10]

These expanding academic programs included the Department of General Studies (which fell under the College of Professional Studies), new medical technology programs, and graduate programs in Business Administration, Education, Special Education, and Guidance.[11]  There was even talk of a law school starting at the former high school.[12]  Two new undergraduate programs, Secondary Education and Health and Physical Education, were to be implemented in the fall of 1973.[13]  The North Campus also became home to the School of Fine and Performing Arts.[14] Dr. Hale Tongren, chairman of the department, expected an enrollment increase of 30-40% in the Business Administration program and the establishment of a separate School of Business Administration within four to five years.[15]

Further growth would prove difficult at the North Campus, however, because this “surging space” was already suffering from a lack of parking, and the situation would only get worse.  Students had to return to the main campus for electives, and the distance from North Campus, about four miles, was not conducive to walking.  Administrators debated lengthening the time period between classes to twenty minutes, but eventually decided to bus students to and from the campuses instead.[16]

When he visited the Nort Campus site in 1972, Freshman President Ronny Acker called it “anti-educational in spirit” and “judged [it] potentially disastrous to the aesthetic evolution of the student’s mind.”[17]  The university allotted funds for renovations, and although the School of Fine and Performing Arts seemed to appreciate the facilities, many members of the School of Business Administration expressed growing discontent.  They cited the “decrepit high school building where the lights are too dim, rooms are too hot, business facilities (especially the computer room) woefully inadequate and classrooms too crowded” among their chief complaints.[18] They also believed that there were too few teachers and were upset that the North Campus and its students and faculty had received no coverage in the Advocate, the student yearbook, the previous year.  The yearbook’s editor said that issue would be corrected, and senior business students Jeff Hetrick and John Willet formed the North Campus Improvements Committee to help address the students’ concerns, which they felt were especially relevant because “[business students] account for nearly one-fourth of the student body, yet we are awarded a mere 12% of available funds.”[19]  While the university sought to appease some requests, one problem they could not fix was a widely-held conviction: “It’s [North Campus is] kind of closed off from everybody.  They ignore us…we’re over here by ourselves.”[20]  That issue remained unresolved until George Mason brought all students from North Campus back to the Fairfax Campus. North Campus was later sold to the Catholic Diocese of Arlington to become Pope Paul VI High School in 1983.

During the North Campus period, Acting President Dr. Robert Krug suggested further expansion in Arlington with the establishment of an East Campus which would be similar in size and function to the North Campus.[21] And like North Campus, and Bailey’s Crossroads fifteen years before, it might be the acquisition of an older abandoned school building. It was an idea that he did not see come to fruition during his tenure. His Arlington initiative, however, overlapped with another project, the acquisition of a law school there, which was approved by the Virginia General Assembly in 1979.

Although the North and Arlington Campuses would serve very different purposes, they both served as a testament to increasingly important aspects of George Mason’s identity: academic and geographic expansion and the eagerness to introduce new and innovative programs.

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[1] Broadside, October 13, 1971

[2] Broadside, September 15, 1971

[3] Ibid.

[4] Broadside, February 7, 1972

[5] The George Mason Foundation is a non-profit fund-raising organization chartered in 1966 and dedicated to raising funds for the advancement of George Mason.

[6] Broadside, January 10, 1972

[7] Broadside, October 13, 1971

[8] Lorin Thompson and John Wood Oral History Interview, November 12, 1980

[9] Broadside, January 10, 1972

[10] Ibid.

[11] Broadside, February 28, 1972

[12] Broadside, October 13, 1971

[13] Broadside, February 28, 1972

[14] Broadside, October 3, 1977

[15] Broadside, February 28, 1972

[16] Broadside, April 5, 1972

[17] Broadside, March 6, 1972

[18] Broadside, September 12, 1977

[19] Ibid./Broadside, October 3, 1977

[20] Jo-Anne Slavin, Broadside, October 3, 1977

[21] Broadside, April 25, 1977